Stem cells are currently one of the most researched and explored subject for science. They constitute a very promising part of regenerative medicine and have many potential clinical applications. Stem cells have the ability to replicate and differentiate into many specific cell types a characteristic that can be used in treatment of various diseases which have been incurable until now.
There are numerous types of stem cells (e.g. Embryonic stem cells, Fetal Stem cells, Mesenchymal stem cells, Induced pluripotent stem cells) and there are many different methods of deriving and cultivating them in order to obtain viable material. The eye is one of the most interesting targets for stem cell therapies.
Stem cells provide a variety of potential cures for many diseases as it can be illustrated on the example of an eye. There are many sources that stem cells can be derived from and currently different methods of cultivating and using those cells in regenerative medicine are being investigated. Without a doubt Stem cells therapy contribute a promising treatment modality for many diseases in the future.